The Supreme Court of Zimbabwe is a superior court of record. It is primarily governed by the Constitution, Supreme Court Act [Chapter 7:13] and the Supreme Court Rules, 2018. Access to the Supreme Court is also provided for in other legislation such as the High Court Act [Chapter 7:06] which provides for matters which do not require leave to appeal to the Supreme Court. It is the highest appellate court in Zimbabwe in all matters which are not constitutional in nature.
It is composed of the Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice, no fewer than two other judges of the Supreme Court and additional judges which may be required at the Court for a limited period. These additional judges are appointed by the Chief Justice. The Supreme Court is currently comprised of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice and eleven other Judges of Appeal.
The court permanently sits at Harare. It sits three times a year in Bulawayo in circuit as gazetted each year under a General Notice. The sittings of the Supreme Court for 2018 were made under General Notice 490 of 2017 by the Chief Justice.
The Constitution provides for the jurisdiction of the Court as the final court of appeal except in constitutional matters over which jurisdiction lies with the Constitutional Court. The Constitution further allows for an Act of Parliament to confer additional jurisdiction and powers on the Supreme Court. It further allows for that Act of Parliament to provide for the exercise of jurisdiction by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is that Act of Parliament contemplated by the Constitution. Section 9 of the Supreme Court Act provides for the jurisdiction of the Court to hear any criminal appeal while section 21 provides for the hearing of any civil appeals. The Act provides for the powers of the court in hearing of these appeals. The Supreme Court also has review jurisdiction, powers and authority as that of the High Court as provided for in terms of section 25 of the Supreme Court Act.
The Constitution recognizes the making of Rules of the Supreme Court to make provisions for certain matters. Currently, the Supreme Court is governed by the Supreme Court Rules, 2018. These were promulgated on the 1st of June 2018 under Statutory Instrument 84 of 2018 in terms of section 34 (4) of the Supreme Court Act. These Rules repealed the Rules of the Supreme Court (RGN 380/1964), Supreme Court (Miscellaneous Appeals and References) Rules (RGN 449/1975) and the Supreme Court (Bail) Rules (SI 290/1991). These repeals are documented in the Second Schedule to the Supreme Court Rules, 2018. All these other Rules are now provided for and consolidated in the 2018 Rules. The Rules contain provisions for referrals in terms of section 175 (4) of the Constitution by the Supreme Court to the Constitutional Court in rule 71. Further, any vacuum in the Supreme Court Rules, 2018 is filled by the High Court Rules.
For questions to this court Please contact
11 Address Road, Harare, Zimbabwe
+263 4 000 000 or +263 4 001 000
Or Use email form Below: