MAGISTRATE COURT

The Magistrate Court is created in the Constitution under Section 163 (1) (f). The Magistrates Court is a creature of statute. Its operations are regulated by the Magistrates Court Act [Chapter 7:10]. A Magistrate is appointed in terms of Section 7 of the Magistrates Court Act [Chapter 7:10] as read with Section 5 (1) (c) of the Judicial Service Act [Chapter 7:18]

Qualifications To Be Appointed As a Magistrate
Entry qualification is a Bachelor of Laws Degree from any recognised university.
Grades of Magistrates
The grades are as follows:
Chief Magistrate
Deputy Chief Magistrate
Senior Regional Magistrate
Regional Magistrate
Provincial Magistrate – In-Charge of Province
Provincial Magistrate
Senior Magistrate
Magistrate

JURSIDICTION OF MAGISTRATE COURTS

Civil Jurisdiction
Section 11 of the Magistrates Court Act [Chapter 7:10] provides for the civil jurisdiction of Magistrates. Criminal Jurisdiction According to Section 49 of the Magistrates Court Act [Chapter 7:10], the court does not have jurisdiction to deal with treason, murder or any offence where an enactment requires that a person convicted of the offence shall be sentenced to death. Ordinary Jurisdiction as to punishment. This is provided for in Section 50.

Magistrate:
Imprisonment for a period not exceeding two (2) years or a fine not exceeding level seven (7).
On remittal by the Prosecutor General under increased jurisdiction: Imprisonment for a period not exceeding four (4) years or a fine not exceeding level nine (9).
Senior Magistrate:
Imprisonment for a period not exceeding four (4) years or a fine not exceeding level nine (9),
Provincial Magistrate:
Imprisonment for a period not exceeding five (5) years or a fine not exceeding level ten (10).
Regional Magistrate:
Imprisonment for a period not exceeding ten (10) years or a fine not exceeding level twelve (12).
In terms of the Magistrates Court Act [Chapter 7:10], the Chief Magistrate and the Deputy Chief Magistrate shall possess the powers and jurisdiction of Regional Magistrates in any regional division and of a Provincial Magistrate in any Province. Regional Magistrate: Imprisonment for a period not exceeding ten (10) years or a fine not exceeding level twelve (12).
In terms of the Magistrates Court Act [Chapter 7:10], the Chief Magistrate and the Deputy Chief Magistrate shall possess the powers and jurisdiction of Regional Magistrates in any regional division and of a Provincial Magistrate in any Province.

THE ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE MAGISTRACY
The Department is headed by a Chief Magistrate who is assisted by a Deputy Chief Magistrate, three Senior Regional Magistrates in charge of the three Regional Magistrates Divisions, and nine Provincial Magistrates in charge of the nine Magisterial Provinces to run the Department administratively.
Under the Regional Courts, Zimbabwe is divided into the Eastern Division, the Central Division and the Western Division. The Divisions are composed of various Regional Courts dotted around the country.
The Magisterial Provinces are composed of Provincial centres as well as Resident and District Courts totalling fifty-four (54). There are forty-eight (48) circuit courts in Zimbabwe. Harare, Matabeleland South, Matabeleland North, Masvingo, Manicaland, Midlands, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West and Mashonaland Central Provinces make up the Magisterial Provinces of Zimbabwe.

Kindly click here to view all the contact details of all Magistrates Courts found in Zimbabwe .

Get a Quote