The Supreme Court is a superior court of record established in terms of section 168 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe, 2013.
The court consists of
(a) the Chief Justice and the Deputy Chief Justice and
(b) no fewer than two other judges of the Supreme Court and
(c) any additional judges appointed in terms of the Constitution.
Where the services of any additional judge(s) are required for a limited period, the Chief Justice may appoint a judge of the High court
or a former judge to act as a judge of the supreme Court for that period.
The court has a permanent seat at Harare and sits on circuit for a week at the end of each legal term in Bulawayo in terms of a General Notice
issued by the Chief Justice in the Government Gazette.
The Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief justice and all the other 11 judges of the Supreme Court also double up as judges of the Constitutional Court
in terms of the operational constitutional arrangement.
The Supreme Court is a court of appeal. This means that it cannot be approached as a court of first instance.
It is the final court of appeal for Zimbabwe except in matters where the Constitutional Court has jurisdiction.
The Supreme Court Act [ Chapter 7:13] (The Act) and the Supreme Court Rules, 2018 (the rules) regulate the exercise of jurisdiction by the Supreme Court.
The rules were promulgated on 1 June 2018.
They repealed the following sets of rules which regulated the processes of the court in a fragmented way: -
(i) The Rules of the Supreme Court,1964;
(ii) The Supreme Court (Miscellaneous Appeals and References) Rules,1975; and
(iii) The Supreme Court (Bail) Rules,1991.
The consolidated rules contain novel provisions such as Rule 71 which deals with the referral of constitutional matters by the Supreme Court
to the Constitutional Court.
The Supreme Court also has review jurisdiction, powers and authority as that of the High Court.
In terms of section 25 of the Act, the Supreme Court and every judge of the Supreme Court
has the same powers, jurisdiction and authority as are vested in the High Court and judges of the High Court, respectively, to review the proceedings
and decisions of inferior courts of justice, tribunals and administrative authorities.